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Whatever course the UK follows, the state has been weakened - in its domestic economy and in international diplomacy - by the whole Brexit process. That isn't funny.
I judge it more likely that the UK would retain its present advantages (or most of them) if Brexit could be stopped or reversed. Large European countries know well that the UK's membership is strategically valuable to the EU - even at the cost of substantial ugly compromise. Under Macron, even France would tend to be supportive. Yet, you are right: all of the UK's painstakingly negotiated opt-outs and exceptions would become controversial amid any effort at stopping or reversing Brexit. Especially if "reversing" involves a whole new accession process, it won't be easy. There is risk. While arrangements might never again be as good as in 2018, the UK's negotiating position is sufficiently strong that the more important bits (opting out of the euro, and the budget rebate to reduce net contributions) could probably be retained.
Consider domestic politics, and that's all rendered academic. Reversal? Not happening. The Conservative Party is dominated by old people, with a party membership which is feverishly hostile to the EU. The Labour Party membership, meanwhile, is strongly behind Corbyn - who rejects the European single market, rejects the EU's global trade deals and rejects free movement of people in Europe. The Labour Party has thrown off all moderate or Fabian perspectives; the Tories have swung rightwards into a confused national/ nostalgic populism.
Unless the UK's political landscape is transformed in the next decade, popular discontent with British politics is likely to give fuel to national separatist movements - it may be more likely that Scotland or Northern Ireland join the EU, before the UK as a united entity.
"while the world was booming in 2017, the UK had its slowest growth in five years"
No kidding. Consider GDP growth in the year to the last quarter of 2017:
Country ____ GDP growth in the year to 2017Q4
Romania _______ 7.0%
Latvia _________ 4.8%
Hungary _______ 4.8%
Poland ________ 4.3%
Cyprus ________ 3.9%
Finland ________ 3.9%
Lithuania ______ 3.6%
Slovakia _______ 3.6%
Austria ________ 3.6%
Netherlands ____ 3.1%
Spain _________ 3.1%
Germany ______ 2.9%
US ___________ 2.5%
France ________ 2.4%
Portugal _______ 2.4%
Italy __________ 1.6%
UK ___________ 1.5%
The UK lags far behind the eurozone economy. And behind Japan. And behind Italy (which suffers from chronically slow growth for domestic socioeconomic, regional-disparity and demographic reasons). The UK's economy is already missing out on a boom in the world economy, and in the European economy in particular. How will things go when the UK crashes out of the customs union, when banks lose financial sector passporting and when UK-based businesses lose their current preferential access to most of the world's markets?
The funny thing about Brexit is that it is likely that should Britain find a way to stay in the EU, the other member nations are unlikely to offer her as sweet a deal as she had before.