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Will Donald Trump’s pro-coal policies put miners’ lives at risk?

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tjfob

Hey, there are risks inherent in any job but look up 20 most dangerous jobs in US...mining is not among them...

Bluhorizons in reply to tjfob

It is common knowledge that mining is among the riskiest jobs but at the same time the facts speak for themselves. In the entire US last year 8 actual coal miners died in accidents n the surface, not in the mines and an additional 8 who worked for the mines but were not miners and did not go underground died in other accidents, including vehicle accidents. So, while this is unfortunate, it is in fact a continuation of the ever-diminishing number of deaths associated with this industry.
 
The seminal question is actually about a presidential pledge, which was to reduce the Everest of rules that do not produce much result but add to operating cost. The inevitable way to get votes is to listen to manipulative media like the Economist who tell you that we need new rules because that makes people feel good like they are doing something. But the Economist and most media never, ever discuss the added cost of these rules that relentlessly, year after year add bit by bit to operating costs.

CaptainRon in reply to Bluhorizons

Nobody said we need new rules. What Trump is proposing is to do away with rules that are responsible for the trend of people not dying. He is also proposing to cut the budgets of departments that conduct safety inspections. All for cheap political points. What can go wrong?

Bluhorizons in reply to CaptainRon

Perhaps you have noticed that America no longer makes many of the products it used to make but still buys. The reason is that US overheads have steadily risen and the reason is not wages alone. Today, wages are becoming less important in overhead because of automation.
 
One of the reasons costs have risen is that every year tens of thousands orwell-intended laws, rules and regulations are added year after year and each one adds a bit to overhead. After Dodd-Frank, banks, for example and natural gas supplies and transport companies stopped hiring business administrators and hired instead compliance administrators. Rule increase was particularly egregious during the Obama administration and the EPA added up to 10% to the cost of almost everything.
 
President Trump, as a businessman, is more aware of the cost of rules than President Obama, who used to be a professor, and is trying to reduce them to make America more competitive. When it comes to health, you might want to consider a family's financial health as important as its physical health. That seems to be something that Trump-haters do not care to examine.

Prof M H Settelen

The UN Sec.Gen. Must call in all the Environment & Transport Ministers of the G20 along with their Nobels; using the Delphi Technique prevent the destruction of our The UN Sec.Gen. Must call in all the Environment & Transport Ministers of the G20 along with their Nobels; using the Delphi Technique prevent the destruction of our Blue Planet!Planet! The UN Sec.Gen. Must call in all the Environment & Transport Ministers of the G20 along with their Nobels; using the Delphi Technique prevent the destruction of our Blue Planet!

Bluhorizons

Perhaps a bit of research beyond an Economist article might help. The number of mining deaths in 2015 was 24 and 8 in 2016, a death rate for the 15,900 actual coal miners of 0.050%. The leading causes of death in these mines were machinery accidents and powered haulage (truck accidents), at four each. None of the 8 deaths in 2016 occurred underground.  
 
None of the cuts proposed by the Trump administration actually impact the problem areas which are the most common source of fatalities.
https://www.msha.gov/revised-us-mining-deaths-drop-another-new-low-2016

guest-nomijsa

The Trump administration’s rollback of workplace health and safety rules is taking place at the same time that the rate of deaths per 100,000 workers is slowly increasing, according to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. About 4,500 workers in the United States die on the job each year.

The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) proposed a three-month delay in the effective date of a rule designed to improve miners’ safety and health. The rule required certain mine operators to conduct workplace inspections to identify hazards before work begins in an area, notify miners of hazardous conditions that are not corrected, and record the work sites examined, the adverse conditions found, and the date of each corrective action taken. Under Trump, MSHA is facing a $3 million cut to its budget on top of a previous $8 million cut. This budget decrease will reduce the number of safety inspection in U.S. coal mines by nearly 25 percent.

The Trump Administration view is exemplified by the following quote: “People are designed to deal with dust. People are in dusty environments all the time and it doesn’t kill them.” The lungs have a mechanism to grab onto silica dust and physiological evidence suggests the lungs of workers can handle the current limit set in 1971,

Bluhorizons in reply to guest-nomijsa

In fact, every article I have read indicates that the mining death rates have fallen dramatically to historic lows, with just 8 deaths of miners in 2016, all from above ground accidents. There are about 15,900 actual miners who mine, so 8 deaths is a death rate of 0.05%. Another 8 deaths in the industry were to non-miners not underground but in metal shops.
 
None of the proposed trump cut-backs actually affect the actual causes of deaths. So, your entire comment is a contrivance. In fact I do not see a single fact you have posted that actually applies to the reality in the mines.
 
Mining Deaths Fall To Historic Low In 2015: "http://www.ibtimes.com/mining-deaths-fall-historic-low-

guest-nomijsa in reply to Bluhorizons

U.S. coal mines recorded 15 workplace deaths in 2017 only a year after they hit a record low, according to Mine Safety and Health Administration data released on Tuesday.

In 2016, just nine deaths occurred in U.S. coal mines. West Virginia mines saw eight deaths, Kentucky had two, and one each occurred at mines in Alabama, Colorado, Montana, Pennsylvania and Wyoming.

The Trump administration is following through on the president’s campaign pledge to roll back government regulations, and OSHA is no exception. Given that workplace safety issues were not part of Trump’s appeal to voters, the agency’s backpedaling on various rules shouldn’t come as a surprise. Future semiannual agendas will undoubtedly reflect a continued regulatory rollback.

Under Trump, OSHA rulemaking efforts also are now effectively dead in the water include:
Updates to a host of chemical exposure permissible exposure limits;
Hearing protection for construction workers; and
Vehicle backing hazards in general industry and construction.

In addition, OSHA has indefinitely delayed plans for some major rules, such as:
- Reforms to the process safety management standard developed in response to President Barack Obama’s Executive Order following the 2013 fertilizer plant explosion in West, Texas;
- A new regulation addressing emergency response and preparedness; and a new standard to address infectious diseases in health care.

For an enlightened look at occupational safety and health recommend you read Death on the Job: The Toll of Neglect, 2017.

https://aflcio.org/reports/death-job-toll-neglect-2017

Bluhorizons in reply to guest-nomijsa

I am not sure I understand how a fertilizer explosion is relevant to this discussion. What is relevant is that making endlessly more rules is politically popular, mainly to the people who are not in any way related to the industry (like you) but who think that more rules are "good." They do not realize that every rule costs money in some way and these tens of thousands of rules added one bye one over time can add a critical amount to the cost of goods. This added cost is gradual and often invisible to the ordinary citizen but not to the very large consumers to whom 1% is significant. It's like over-eating--one bite at a time.

guest-nomijsa in reply to Bluhorizons

Did you read and comprehend my reply?

What is relevant is mining and industrial safety and the avoidance of death and accidents let alone the associated human suffering and economic costs.

"- - - mainly to the people who are not in any way related to the industry (like you) but who think that more rules are "good." Such incredulous pomposity, presumption, and condescension!

I have spent 35 years in the construction of mines and the petrochemical industry and have seen first hand, the tragic results of attitudes like yours. The current administration's move to roll back current health and safety measures is appalling.

The man who has won millions at the cost of his conscience is a failure.
- B.C. Forbes

Bluhorizons in reply to guest-nomijsa

:The man who has won millions at the cost of his conscience is a failure.' That last sentence tells us it is really Trump you hate and your post is just a way to diss him. You also have not told us how increasing safety regulations below ground will save lives above ground, where all the deaths occurred.
 
Of course you do not dwell much on more than a hundred years of increasing mine safety which is not going away and apparently did not look at the graph provided in this article which shows an almost miraculous decline in mine deaths with historic lows two years in a row.
 
Apparently you seem to think that increasing safety in the mines will keep people in coal trucks from getting into accidents and dying.

guest-nomijsa in reply to Bluhorizons

1. Yes, Trump is unfit for office.

2. Rolling back mining safety regulations (i.e., inspection frequency and protocols, accident reporting requirements, etc.) is contrary to more than a hundred years of increasing mine safety.

3. Please read again and ruminate - "U.S. coal mines recorded 15 workplace deaths in 2017 only a year after they hit a record low, according to Mine Safety and Health Administration data released on Tuesday. In 2016, just nine deaths occurred in U.S. coal mines. West Virginia mines saw eight deaths, Kentucky had two, and one each occurred at mines in Alabama, Colorado, Montana, Pennsylvania and Wyoming."

4. Numerous safety regulations deal with the transport of coal and other heavy equipment. This indicates your general lack of knowledge about the mining, transportation, petrochemical, and heavy industry in general.

Armchair quarterbacks are a dime a dozen. I have nothing more to say.

Bluhorizons in reply to guest-nomijsa

In 2016, the last year I looked at, there were a total of 16 deaths in the mining business. 8 were miners, the other eight were not miners but worked only above ground. Of the 16, none were killed underground. You admit this! About half the deaths were from vehicle accidents. Do I need to be an expert to understand this? It is called "data."
 
Since the rule reduction is for activities underground and ALL of the deaths for 2015-16 were above ground, I do not see how reducing these rules would affect the actual cause of above-ground deaths. Can you explain that?
 
Also, while the article criticizes the move, it does not mention what actual rules are being eliminated and neither do you, because, I suppose you do not know.
 
So it is clear that your main complaint is expressed in your item "1," "Trump is unfit for office." That is your real beef.

guest-nomijsa in reply to Bluhorizons

Rolling back mining safety regulations (i.e., inspection frequency and protocols, accident reporting requirements, etc.).

- U.S. coal miner deaths are already above 2016 levels

- Safety advocates fear that mining conditions are deteriorating

At MSHA: An effort to tighten the 30-year-old standard for miner exposure to silica dust in the nation’s mines. MSHA’s regulatory agenda calls for a proposed rule to be issued in April 2017, but no one who closely follows the agency takes that schedule seriously now that Trump appointees will run the agency.

Some mine operators, including West Virginia’s new governor, Jim Justice, run up millions of dollars in safety fines with little fear that not paying will keep them from mining more coal. And black lung continues an ominous resurgence workplace health experts say is an urgent crisis in the Appalachian coalfields.

Dropped:
Proximity detection rule for other underground equipment — which MSHA hasn’t finalized — was projected to prevent 70 injuries and 15 deaths over the same period of time.

Plans for an emergency rule and that broke the two types of equipment into separate proximity detection rulemaking efforts.

There's more but next time, do your own research.

Armchair quarterbacks are a dime a dozen. I have nothing more to say. Absolutely.

Bluhorizons in reply to guest-nomijsa

Apparently you are mad at the previous administrations for not doing their enforcement job and automatically passing this anger along to the current administration, which until now has not ended or altered any rules. You talk about the Proximity detection rule, not yet implemented, which is designed to reduce deaths in the mines but there have been no deaths whatsoever in the mines for years. The main risk in the mines is silicosis which is a ventilation problem and also the miners do not like wearing masks all day long.

We all understand that there is an adversarial relationship between mine management and safety but you seem to be "blaming ahead" this administration for what are in fact long-term lax enforcement of existing rules.

I think you are just angry, don't like Trump and this is an opportunity to vent.

guest-lwoooin

If the language used by 'JaB3' and 'omnnmei' to simply hurl childish insults at each other (assuming they even understand each other which may not be the case), is what passes for discourse in the USA, then one can see why that nation's position in the world is dropping. Little or no attempt to justify or substantiate the insults whoops I mean statements made.

Looking impassively, it does seem that the USA has problems, very largely of its own making. For decades at least It has paid itself too much, expected too much. Whilst its competitors (such as China) are not, one could argue, very nice people, those competotors have a right and responsibilty to improve the lot of their own people (although in part they go about it in a not-very-nice way that puts the US's nose out of joint). Net result is US imports from its competitors the goods it's failed to produce itself. As apart of this coal is becoming an outdated fuel for environmental reasons and, when it is rquired, increasingly mined using technology not people. One has great sympathy for the pople in 'rust belt' and old mining areas.

And the poor people of the USA have been failed by its political syatem. The Democrats (who perhaps should be looking after manual / 'working class' people totally failed to do so (certainly not H Clinton), and so they voted for a smart but illiterate/ ignorant snake oil salesman (has orange hair I believe) who somehow conned them into thinking he was their salvation. The few (very few) reasonable things now being done by the salesman (eg reducing the 30% corporation tax - altho' he's gone far too far) don't tel., us he's smart; anybody could do it; they tell us how stupid (and self regarding) the rest of the US political establishment is. Is there any hope it'll change?

guest-omnnmei

The notion that a silver spoon, spoiled brat who inherited his money, and scammed ordinary folks with a fake university is going to look out of ordinary workers is laughable.
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The sad thing is many of these miners probably voted for the orange face a'hole. I wonder if they'll be so stupid the second time around.

JayB3 in reply to guest-omnnmei

Talking about laughable - your comments would be right up there.

Here's a heads up for you, bud - unemployment is down, tax breaks are stimulating the economy, immigration laws are being enforced, red tape hindering productivity is being removed, the UN is being part-defunded from US largesse, and the 8 year Obama legacy of unrelenting assault on the Constitution and rule of law is being reversed.

And the miners will definitely vote for the Republicans again.

guest-omnnmei in reply to JayB3

Talking about laughable - your parroting of Faux News bullshit is right up there.

JayBZero, you voted for the orange faced idiot who was a game show host, right? Hey, sucker, Putin tooled your ass. You've eaten so much of Sean S for Brains Insannity's bulls--t you're parroting the Faux News party line. Just one example of your ignorance, clueless fool: unemployment was already low when Putin put his puppet in the White House. The stock market had been roaring upward under Obama for years. Your Fake News bogeyman Obama who haunts your Deep State of mindlessness left office far more popular than serial lying Orange Asshole entered it.
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Obama's unrelenting assault on on the Constitution and rule of law? Really? Here's how I punk Faux News and Putin dupes, idiot boy: I make them come up with facts. Here goes Sean Insannity parrot:
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State four examples of Obama's purported assaults on the Constitution and cite in proper legal citation form the corresponding federal court cases declaring the "assault(s)" to be unconstitutional. I'll wait, punk.
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Dumpista, Putin is going to tool your uninformed gullible ass again in 2020. You're that stupid. You'll get duped again.
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Trumputin 2020 -- the Kremlin's choice.

guest-omnnmei in reply to JayB3

Here's what's on display: me exposing you as one of the dupes a Russian dictator suckered.
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Here's also what is on display: little JayBZero PUNKING OUT. The dupe Putin tooled couldn't list 4 federal cases when challenged to back up the Faux News bulls--t he parroted like a good little indoctrinated non-thinking Faux News fool.
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I punked you, boy. It was easy. Always is with a fool a Russian dictator and Faux News suckered.

guest-omnnmei in reply to JayB3

So Sean Insannity's and Putin's snowflake STILL can't back up his bullshit by listing 4 federal cases.
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You're confirming your ignorance with each post, snowflake.
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Post again Putin tool. I'm not done kicking your Faux News indoctrinated ass, little snowflake.

JayB3 in reply to guest-omnnmei

Awesome Pavlovian response, dude. This is way above your pay grade but it reminded me of the German word fremdschämen.

fremdschämen : the feeling that causes you to be embarrassed on someone's behalf as they say something enormously stupid.

guest-omnnmei in reply to JayB3

GOOD BOY! Right on cue, snowflake.
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And you STILL don't have 4 federal cases, you dumbshit. You're doubling down on your ignorance. You still can't back up the anti-Obama bullshit Sean Insannity stuffed down your throat.
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Try again, snowflake and Putin tool: four federal cases. List them in proper citation form. This is your chance to stop being an uninformed punk.
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List them. Come on, snowflake. Post again.

guest-omnnmei in reply to JayB3

What!?! Snowflake JayBZero STILL continues to punk out? But snowflake, I'm being easy on you. Just list 4 federal cases, little boy. After all, Faux News blowhard/parrot, the bulls--t you regurgitated from your hero Sean Insannity was that evil bogeyman Obama's "assault" on the Constitution was, in your brilliant Faux News inspired word, "RELENTLESS"! (Emphasis added.) "Relentless" claims our Faux News genius!
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So, little snowflake and FPW (Faux Parroting Warrior), coming up with a mere 4 federal cases where evil liberal Kenyan born bogeyman Obama got slapped down by the federal courts should be easy.

What's the matter, kid? Doesn't Fake News provide you with facts when it indoctrinates you? You say it does!?! Well then, genius, list 4 federal cases proving your claim, FPW.
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Come on, FPW, you can do it. Post again.
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If you can't do it, it's hard to know whether your posts are an unwitting cry for help or just a pitch for applause from your heroes Sean S for Brains Insannity and the Russian dictator you served so well in 2016.
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Post, FPW. Do it now.

Douglas Roy Adams in reply to JayB3

The Progressives attack on coal is political; it slows the demand for alternative (Progressive industries) energies. It will be unhealthy, dangerous, inefficient, whatever is convenient to channel BTU dollars, out of what are lowest per cost BTU, to their industries friends.The quest to develop other sources as a fall back to dependence on finite sources, is the only good in the Progressive scam to grab cash for their friends. With all the printed money about, they'll be looking for ways to 'mandate' funneling into their coffers.

guest-omnnmei in reply to bunker1969

Hey bucko, I feel safer already. Why, the ex-gameshow host Putin duped you into voting for has just tweeted that:
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"my two greatest assets have been mental stability and being, like, really smart".
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I'm impressed. Dude is not only smart, he's "really smart."
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The guy with the tanning creme orange grill who didn't know that his pal Putin had invaded Ukraine, further assures an anxious nation that he's a "very stable genius." Did you read that? A freaking "genius"!
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Bucko, I feel safer already. Don't you?

No doubt about it Doug, progressive conspiracy!
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Doug, this just in: coal is a dying industry for employment among other things. It's getting killed not by (gasp!) evil progressive bogeymen but by economics.
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Wanna know how many West Virginians work in coal? Try around 11,600, less than 2% of the state's workforce. Walmart employs more West Virginians. But don't take my word for it. Instead, educate yourself by reading this:
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https://qz.com/1167671/the-100-year-capitalist-experiment-that-keeps-app...
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What!?! Article too long for you?

bunker1969 in reply to guest-omnnmei

Like I said venturing outside your bubble Wont play out well here; better go back and hide in your safe space and for God's sake relax and quit making all these silly comments no one is taking you seriously really. I think we all got it regardless of our political identies: you don't like Trump and you have this thing about Putin. Get a life!

Bluhorizons in reply to guest-omnnmei

Your liberal pals were about as mean to the working class are you are in this post. Just because you got to breathe Hillary's air, you seem to think that puts you in league with the very rich. Your little band of patriots have worked tirelessly to create a second underclass, the "semi-legal illegals," to provide an endless stream of slave labor for your rich pals and so you can have a cheap maid or yard man. And you do this under the guise of being oh, so sympathetic to the illegals but hate your own most disadvantage class.
 
Your pals relentlessly dissed the worker, a group large enough to sway any election,calling them the "despicable, deplorable, xenophobic drug-addicted old white men (although many are hispanic or black). You were delighted with the seemingly endless rules of the EPA that fell not on you but on the farmers and people connected with the land while you played with your computers in LA.
 
In short, the "outs" do to trust you nor anything you say. They know they are in "flyover country" and they know where that is in you mind.
 
You are an arrogant bunch, comfortable with entrenched power and do not have the intellect to actually identify America's most pressing problem, which is the bribery of our elected reps, which they call "contributions." But even the dimmest bulb understands that when you allow bribery of you own elected officials then only people who count are the bribers and the bribees.
 
Then, you wonder why, the "outs' felt they had to hire the town bully as president to protect them from you.

guest-omnnmei in reply to bunker1969

Bunko boy, I am safe. I am so damn safe in my safe space I might as well be living in a concrete steel reinforced atomic bomb blast-proof bunker deep inside a granite mountain!
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Why? Because I know that Putin's buddy DJT, the dude with the tanning creme orange grill, has my back. Our beloved president has assured us Americans that he's a stone cold stable "genius." A freaking GENIUS!
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How could I not feel safe with such an assurance from the guy who also assured Americans they'd get a great education at Trump University?
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Safe space? Dude, you wouldn't believe how safe I am with a genius as president.

guest-omnnmei in reply to Bluhorizons

Excellent points, bluhorizons! Comrade Trumpinoff is truly a man of the people even having billions of dollars, never having flown coach, never having purchased a sack of groceries at a corner market, and living in a penthouse. That's why I and my Russian colleagues conducted a cyber-campaign on behalf of "very stable genius" Comrade Donald in the 2016 election.
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We Russians will be assisting Comrade Donald again in 2020 with fake, er, real Facebook pages, trolls, and bots. We hope we can count on your vote again in 2020.
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Signed, Vladimir P.

Bluhorizons in reply to guest-omnnmei

One of the mantras of the liberals is that being rich is evil. The rich can never be patriots, use their considerable contacts and organizational skills for anything but enriching themselves, or work for the benefit of the nation. Of course all the things you describe that Trump, because of his wealth, did not have to do were also not done by the very, very rich Bush, Kennedy or FDR. They must have all be traitors and rich greed heads as well.
Of course one of the richest, with a net worth of $234M was George Washington. That would be about $2.2B today.

guest-omnnmei in reply to Bluhorizons

You tell him Comrade Bluhorizons! I'm a rich Russian oligarch and so are all of my buddies. And we are not evil. In fact, we are so friendly, we support your rich president to whom we loan money, Comrade Trumpinoff.
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Signed, Vladimir P.

bunker1969 in reply to guest-omnnmei

The miners in the US and Canada are well represented by their union: UMW/UMWA, did you know that? Yes, they are by and large without college but the fruit of their labor provides 30% of the electricity we consume daily. Did you know that 60% of our coal is produced out West in open pit mining with few miners and that a goodly part of our coal is exported thus helping our unsustainable trade deficit and coal is also used in metallurgy and other industries and that when Obama and Hillary proclaimed to these decent, sal of the earth Americans that they want them out of business, wellll, let's just say that they didn't like that. Get out of your safe space and look around you. Even CA gets 5% of its electricity from coal that's almost 2 million souls!

Enjoy your low cost non-US natural gas. It's costing us fortunes in subsides to frack the stuff we're (US) getting out of the ground, and we're not sure how much of it there is. Put in a good word for us (US) with the Russians -- if you know any. Tell them the American people are innocent of their US geopolitical-bluster, and to keep influencing as many US elections as they can.

John Eh....

There does seem to be a perverse logic in making mining Appalachian coal more economical by reducing safety standards. As miners fall prey to mining hazards, the number of miners seeking a rather fixed number of jobs will be reduced. Assuming the jobs remain and enough miners are eliminated, Appalachian mines would inevitably see full employment again. America will be greater again (?), and the number of unemployed underground miners will be diminished as will the total number of living, able-bodied miners. I do have some serious doubts that this is the solution miners and their families seek, but it is a solution of sorts none the less.

California Man

Ummmmmm - TE editors. Your socialism is showing. BTW, even your beloved JEREMY CORBYN is a huge mining advocate.

gGQBfnCAym in reply to California Man

They hate Jeremy Corbyn and The Economist has never supported socialism. But it's true that elements of the far left fetishise heavy industry, which gives them something in common with Trump. But I would be more interested in how pointing out that the coal regulator is getting rid of a regulation protecting miners from black lung equates to being a socialist. Or your views on the substantive points made about health and safety, and why removing them would be a good idea.

gGQBfnCAym in reply to California Man

They hate Jeremy Corbyn and The Economist has never supported socialism. But it's true that elements of the far left fetishise heavy industry, which gives them something in common with Trump. But I would be more interested in how pointing out that the coal regulator is getting rid of a regulation protecting miners from black lung equates to being a socialist. Or your views on the substantive points made about health and safety, and why removing them would be a good idea.

Tokarian in reply to gGQBfnCAym

Good points and well worth repeating in the hope that California Man will grasp the gist of it. I never cease to be amazed by the capacity of some Economist readers to grasp the wrong end of the stick. I wonder sometimes if some of the comments are generated by machines in response to certain stimulus words in the original text, a bit like the machine - written text featured in TE end-of-year double issue.

rusholmeruffian

Nobody wants Appalachian or Illinois Basin coal, and nobody's going to unless the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments are repealed by Congress--which isn't going to happen. Powder River Basin coal has much lower manpower requirements to extract and power plants burning it don't need scrubbers (which are expensive and frequently break down) to operate. Even if this insane proposed Department of Energy rule that would reward power plants for having 90 days of fuel on site (which even most coal-fired generators don't have--average stockpiles are 50-70 days, and low railroad rates have made even smaller stockpiles possible) were somehow to be approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and then make it through litigation (both exceptionally improbable), PRB coal would eat up almost all of the additional demand.

What happened in 2017 is that there were some dead cat bounces in prices for metallurgical coal (the collapse in the demand for which is as big a factor in the poor health of coal mining firms as fracked natural gas), which led met coal mine owners to ramp up production in existing mines. Met coal almost exclusively is mined underground. The more hours you have people in an underground mine and the more coal you pull out of it, the more people are going to die in accidents; it's an inevitable hazard of the business and the principal reason that coal miners make as much money as they do for a relatively low-skill job.

BLURR

On so many files, TRUMP has adopted the position that whatever was done before needs to swept aside, and so many of his appointees are basically given the task of dismantling rather than building or rebuilding. The consequences of this strategy are not being considered but in terms of coal, TRUMP is flogging a product that no one wants and that has no market. I feel for the coal mining communities but their future is likely not going to be rosy but more bleak: few jobs will appear as production, if any, can be ramped up just through automation, with fewer checks those working may be exposed to more risks and with the destruction of healthcare other problems will appear.